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AMPIYACU CROSSING EXPEDITION

 

 

 

 

Destination: Amazon Rainforest.

Country and Region: Peru - Loreto Region.

Arrival/Departure City: Iquitos 

Ethnic Groups Nearby: Huitoto/Bora/Ocaina/Yaguas.

Groups Classification: Sporadic and Permanent Contacted.

 

Accommodation: Tents/Mosquito Nets/Hammocks.


Main Objective: Exploration and Crossing of the Ampyacu-Apayacu Regional Conservation Area for Wildlife Sighting, and to Visit Different Native Communities Around, with the Final Purpose of Making Contact with an Old Traditional Family on Voluntary Isolation.

Available Travel Months: January - November.

Advance Booking Conditions: 1 Month Minimum.

Booking Payment Conditions: 50% Required. 

Booking Payment Method: All Major Credit Cards.

Remaining Payment Method/Deadline: Cash at Arrival.

Departure Days: Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Sundays.

WHAT TO EXPECT: 

This expedition will take travelers to explore several interesting jungle locations in the Ampiyacu-Apayacu territory, including quick stops at some of the surrounding remote villages to identify the older traditional men and women from different ethnic groups who are still present in the area as the truth keepers and guardians of their now titled assigned lands. We'll try to search and find for some of the last of the old generations who still alive and the only ones keeping fresh in their memory their past life and the unforgettable moments lived during their first contact with modern civilizations. If time allows we will stay with a family on voluntary isolation to share ancient customs and traditions.

 

As a quick note; this is one of the jungle territories (The Apampiyacu-Apayacu Regional Conservation Area) as well as (The Yaguas National Park) who are connected to each other, and that are now considered/recognized as "National Protected Areas", where the ethnic groups described below went through slavery and suffered from illegal atrocities during the rubber boom largely between 1879 and 1912.

Just keep in mind, that the longer your availability, the more extensive and intensive your experience will be, and the more you extend and intensify your experience, the more remote, isolated, challenging and strenuous will be our journey. We'll be available, and always ready to adjust to your demands.

ABOUT THIS JUNGLE AREA: 

The Ampiyacu-Apayacu Regional Conservation Area (ACRAA): is a protected area in Peru. It was created on December 23, 2010, by D.S. No. 024-2010-MINAM and covers an area of 434,129.54 hectares in the provinces of Maynas and Ramón Castilla, in the Loreto region.

The area protects the Amazonian lowland forests to the north of the Amazon River, which guarantees sustainable access and the upper parts of the Ampiyacu and Apayacu basins are sources of water that maintain aquatic fauna, the main source of food for 16 native communities that inhabit in these basins.

It has 1,500 species of plants that make it the most biodiverse. 207 species of fish, 64 amphibians, 40 reptiles, 362 birds and 60 mammals live in the area.

ETHNIC GROUPS IN THIS TERRITORY: 

The Bora people are an indigenous tribe of the Peruvian, Colombian, and Brazilian Amazon, located between the Putumayo and Napo rivers. The Bora speak a Hitotan language and comprise approximately 2,000 people. In the last forty years, they have become largely settled people living mostly in permanent forest settlements. In the animist Bora worldview, there is no distinction between the physical and spiritual worlds and spirits are present throughout the world. Bora families practice exogamy. The Bora has an elaborate knowledge of the plant life of the surrounding rainforest. Like other indigenous peoples of the Peruvian Amazon, such as the Urarina plants, especially trees, hold a complex and important interest for the Bora. The Bora have guarded their lands against both indigenous foes and outsider colonials. Around the time of the 20th century, the rubber boom had a devastating impact on the Boras. A book that recorded the mistreatment of the Boras during that time period is "The Putumayo; The Devil's Paradise" which was published in 1912 and written by W.E. Hardenburg. The tribe's ancestral lands are currently threatened by illegal logging practices. The Bora has no indigenous reserves.

 

The Huitoto people were once composed of 100 villages or 31 tribes, but disease and conflict have reduced their numbers. In the early 20th century, the Witoto population was 50,000. The rubber boom in the mid-20th century brought diseases and displacement to the Witotos, causing their numbers to plummet to 7,000–10,000. Since the 1990s, cattle ranchers have invaded Witoto lands, depleted the soil, and polluted the waterways. In response to the incursions, some governments established several reservations for Witotos, one almost remote one is located at the Ampiyacu not too far from the Bora Indigenous tribe. Huitoto people practice swidden or slash-and-burn agriculture. To prevent depleting the land, they relocate their fields every few yields. Major crops include cacao, coca, maize, bitter and sweet manioc, bananas, mangoes, palms, peanuts, pineapples, plantains, sugar cane, sweet potatoes, tobacco, and yams. Ethnobotanists have studied Witoto agriculture due to its efficiency and sustainability. Huitoto men hunt with blowguns and shotguns.


The Ocaina people are an ethnic group of the Amazon that inhabit the banks of the Yaguasyacu, Ampiyacu, jamayacù, Putumayo, and Algodon rivers (in Peru); Although they are known as ocaina, they call themselves Dyo'xaiya or Ivo'tsa. Ocaine language found within the Huitoto linguistic family. Bora-witotoque language family includes besides the ocainas, nonuñas, uitotos, muninanes and bora-mirañas, among others. The Ocainas share history and many cultural characteristics with the Huitotos, Resígaros, and Andoques. These groups inhabited the southern tip of Colombia and were brought to Peruvian territory by the bosses during the Amazon rubber boom. The violence infringed by the bosses descended their population and they are currently in the process of assimilation into the Huitotos.

The Yaguas people is estimated that there are some 6,000 Yagua living in north-eastern Peru and southern Colombia, in 30 communities along the Amazon, Napo, Putumayo, and Yavari rivers, and their tributaries. This makes it one of the larger indigenous communities in Amazonia, and this is reflected in the name of the recently-created Yaguas National Park in the Department of Loreto. Currently, the Yagua live in some 30 communities scattered throughout a section of the Peruvian and Colombian Amazon basin which can roughly be described as a rectangle 200 miles wide and 350 miles long (70,000 sq. miles) extending southward from the second to the fifth parallel and westward from the 70th to the 75th meridian west.

WHAT IS INCLUDED:

  • Airport Pick Up and Drop Off Transportation.

  • Hotel/hostel search assistance upon arrival to Iquitos (if needed).

  • Fluvial transportation service to/from remote destinations (speed & slow boats).

  • Entry permits to indigenous territories.

  • Economic support to villages nearby.

  • First Responders Wilderness Kit for Emergencies.

  • Satellite Devices with Active and Unlimited 24/7 SOS Coverage.

  • Two-way communication radios. 

  • Daily meals provided during the expedition (based on traditional local food).

  • Filtered water during the expedition.

  • Lead Guide/Translator (English-Spanish).

  • Native Assistant Guides/Translators (Spanish-Any Local Indigenous Language).

  • Gear (tents, sleeping mats, and bags, machetes, set of personal flatware​).

WHAT IS NOT INCLUDED: 

  • Airfare to and from Iquitos.

  • Personal Travel Insurance.

  • Hotel/hostel in Iquitos.

VERY IMPORTANT NOTES:

  • Booking in Advance is Highly Recommended; for the collection of personal information, request authorization of entry to indigenous territories at all levels (national, regional, and communal authorities), logistic preparation, personnel assignment, etc.

  • Arrival and Departure Recommendation to and from Iquitos; 1 day before and 1 day after your trip.

  • Rucksack Size and Weight Recommendations; 55-65 liters and 10 kilos approx.

  • For Packing List Recommendations; visit our What to Pack page.

  • Be in Decent Physical Condition; as you will be responsible to carry your own equipment at all times.

  • All activities are subject to change due to weather conditions at any time of the year. The main rivers and the levels of the tributaries can vary and, therefore, it is possible that the navigation times and the excursions are modified at the discretion of your Lead Guide.

  • For Additional Information; visit our Frequently Asked Questions page.

  • For Other Questions/Concerns or to Proceed with your Reservation; contact us via WhatsApp. at +51 999 116 499.