DESTINATION: Bora/Huitoto/Ocaina Territories

LOCATION: Amazon Rainforest - Loreto Region



DURATION: 10 or 15 Days
MAIN ACTIVITY: Tribal Customs & Traditions Sharing

OTHER ACTIVITIES: Photography, Documentary, etc.


BEST TRAVEL MONTHS: March - November

BOOKING IN ADVANCE: 2 Required Months

LAST MINUTE BOOKING: Based On Availability

50% PAYMENT: Required To Secure Seats

PAYMENT METHODS: Credit Cards Or PayPal


DEPARTURE DAYS: Wednesdays and Fridays

The Boras people are an indigenous tribe of the Peruvian, Colombian and Brazilian Amazon, located between the Putumayo and Napo rivers. The Bora speak a Hitotan language and comprise approximately 2,000 people. In the last forty years, they have become a largely settled people living mostly in permanent forest settlements. In the animist Bora worldview, there is no distinction between the physical and spiritual worlds and spirits are present throughout the world. Bora families practice exogamy. The Bora has an elaborate knowledge of the plant life of the surrounding rainforest. Like other indigenous peoples of the Peruvian Amazon, such as the Urarina plants, especially trees, hold a complex and important interest for the Bora. The Bora have guarded their lands against both indigenous foes and outsider colonials. Around the time of the 20th century, the rubber boom had a devastating impact on the Boras. A book which recorded the mistreatment of the Boras during that time period is "The Putumayo; The Devil's Paradise" which was published in 1912 and written by W.E. Hardenburg. The tribe's ancestral lands are currently threatened by illegal logging practices. The Bora has no indigenous reserves.


The Huitoto people were once composed of 100 villages or 31 tribes, but disease and conflict have reduced their numbers. At the early 20th century, Witoto population was 50,000. The rubber boom in the mid-20th century brought diseases and displacement to the Witotos, causing their numbers to plummet to 7,000–10,000. Since the 1990s, cattle ranchers have invaded Witoto lands, depleted the soil, and polluted the waterways. In response to the incursions, some governments established several reservations for Witotos, one almost remote one is located at the Ampiyacu not to far from the Bora Indigenous tribe. Hitoto peoples practice swidden or slash-and-burn agriculture. To prevent depleting the land, they relocate their fields every few yields. Major crops include cacao, coca, maize, bitter and sweet manioc, bananas, mangoes, palms, peanuts, pineapples, plantains, sugar cane, sweet potatoes, tobacco, and yams. Ethnobotanists have studied Witoto agriculture due to its efficiency and sustainability. Hitoto men hunt with blowguns and shotguns.

The Ocaina people are an ethnic group of the Amazon that inhabit the banks of the Yaguasyacu, Ampiyacu, jamayacù, Putumayo and Algodon rivers (in Peru); Although they are known as ocaina, they call themselves Dyo'xaiya or Ivo'tsa. Ocaine language found within the Huitoto linguistic family. Bora-witotoque language family includes besides the ocainas, nonuñas, uitotos, muninanes and bora-mirañas, among others. The Ocainas share history and many cultural characteristics with the Huitotos, Resígaros and Andoques. These groups inhabited the southern tip of Colombia and were brought to Peruvian territory by the bosses during the rubber boom. The violence infringed by the bosses descended their population and they are currently in the process of assimilation to the Huitotos.




  • BOOKING IN ADVANCE IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED (for collection of personal information, government permissions to protected areas, logistical arrangements, exploration team assignments, English Speaking Guides availability, etc.).

  • We recommend travelers to be in Iquitos at least one day before the commencement of your expedition and minimum one full day after the end. 

  • We strongly recommend every traveler to bring (1) personal 60 liter size backpack, (1) personal hydration system pack, and (1) personal inflatable sleeping mat for this expedition.

  • Let's keep in mind that AMAZON EXPEDITIONERS will provide an additional 5 kilos of gear approx. to each traveler (tactical tents, blankets, rubber boots, rain ponchos, machetes, and personal eating utensils).

  • All activities are subject to change due to weather conditions at any time of the year. Main Rivers and tributary levels may vary and thus navigation times and excursions may need to be modified at the guide’s discretion, this will not alter our motivation to make this trip the best as possible. 



WHAT IS INCLUDED: Airport Transportation | Fluvial Transportation | Government Permits to Tribal Territory | Economic Support to Villages | All Meals During Expedition | Purified Water | Survival Lead Guide | Survival Assistant Guides | Emergency First Aid Kit With Anti-Ophidic Serum | Exploratory Gear (Tactical Tents, Blankets, Rubber Boots, Rain Ponchos, Machetes, and Personal Eating Utensils).


WHAT IS NOT INCLUDED: Airfare to and from Iquitos | Personal Travel Insurance Hotel in Iquitos.


EXPEDITION DETAILS: Due to the protocols currently imposed, AMAZON EXPEDITIONERS reserves the right to publicly expose entry routes to native Amazonian communities due to their vulnerability and protection, even more so if permissions from the Peruvian Government are required to enter these specifics indigenous destinations.

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