PACAYA-SAMIRIA NATIONAL RESERVE
THESE EXPEDITIONS ARE AVAILABLE ALL YEAR ROUND
Best Months to Travel: Between May and January
The Pacaya Samiria National Reserve (PSNR) is a protected area located in Loreto Peru, Amazon region, with an area of 2.08 million ha (20,800 square kilometers), it is the largest of Peru National Reserve, the second protected area in the country (after the Alto Purus National Park) and the fourth protected area in all of South America. It is also the protected area of flooded Amazon (ecosystem known as várzea) largest in South America because it was designated RAMSAR site on 28 August 1986. According to the World Commission on Protected Areas, it has the status of area managed protected resources.
The extension of the reserve represents 1.5% of the Peruvian territory and 6% of the Loreto region also is somewhat larger than the surface of Slovenia and comparable to 50% of the territory of Denmark, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Costa Rica or 23% of Portugal, which ensures the ecological and genetic representation of the region.
It comprises about 208 population centers with approximately 40 thousand people living in the area and 50 thousand in the buffer zone. There are 56 native communities affiliated indigenous organizations: AIDECOS, AIDEMA, ACOIBAHM, ADECOP, and ACODECOSPAT. Both the native population (belonging to the Cocama-Cocamilla ethnicity), as the mestizo, remains the exploitation of natural resources of the reserve.