OTHER MEDICINAL PLANTS OF POPULAR USE IN THE PERUVIAN AMAZON

Traditional medicine, one of the most important expressions of the ancestral memory of the Amazonian peoples, makes use, among other practices, of a large number of plant species to cure their diseases and syndromes.

The Peruvian Amazon flora constitutes one of the largest reserves of phytotherapeutic resources. Indeed, from the first years of the encounter with Europeans, the healing properties of Peruvian medicinal plants attracted the attention of newcomers. Already in 1649 the Jesuits, in the book "Shedula Romana", published the first report on the "quina" or "cinchona", (Cinchona officinalis). Various phenolic alkaloids are obtained from this plant, among them quinine, used for more than three hundred years to cure malaria.

From those distant years to our days, numerous species have been studied, obtaining from them important biologically active compounds that have contributed to alleviating the ailments of humanity. Among the latter are "grade blood" (Croton lechleri) and "cat's claw" (Uncaria tomentosa), (U. guianensis).

Knowledge of the medicinal properties of plants is based on observation, experience and deep knowledge of the environment. Transmitted from generation to generation and enriched by the cultural integration of the native and migrant population, this knowledge has become popular medicine and current herbalism. This knowledge, duly systematized, should contribute to solve, in part, the health problems of the less favored population and furthest from modernity, whose possibilities of being cured are currently limited by the high cost of modern drugs.

Paradoxical situation if it is considered that in many cases the pharmaceutical industry starts from the basic knowledge that different human groups have developed for generations about the healing properties of plants, unfairly branded as primitive. And among them, numerous Amazonian ethnicities.

For a good use of medicinal plants it is necessary to know correctly the species used, the form of preparation and dosage, as well as the care that must be observed. Many of the compounds present in plants act synergistically, so that the combination of two or more species is a necessary condition to obtain beneficial effects.

In this context, the linking of traditional medicine with scientific medicine through ethnobotanical research, the study of active principles and the validation of the therapeutic activity of plants, will allow to have regional natural resources for the treatment of diseases that commonly affect the population.

 

Below we will detail the local and scientific names of just a small list of an extensive and existing variety of medicinal plants in popular use within the Peruvian Amazon.

We will find many of the plants listed naturally in the section of our 8 DAYS JOURNEY, of which we will reveal in depth how to extract them, how to prepare them, their properties, uses and dosages for medicinal consumption, in such a way that their benefits are taken advantage of without compromising human health, on the contrary, its practice will be instructed based on the combination of both indigenous and scientific studies.

 

 

Local Names and Scientific Names

 

1. Abuta Abuta grandifolia  

2. Achiote Bixa orellana L.

3. Achira .Canna indica L.

4. Ají Capsicum annuum L.

5. Ajo sacha..............Mansoa alliacea (Lam) Gentry

6. Albaca....................................Ocimun basilicum L

7. Algodón.......................Gossypium barbadense L

8. Amasisa.........................Erithryna fusca Loureiro

9. Amor seco...................................Bidens pilosa L.

10. Angel sisa Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L) Swartz

11. Atadijo.................Trema micrantha (L) Blume

12. Ayahuma............Couropita guianensis Aublet.

13. Ayasisa...................................Tagetes erecta L.

14. Azúcar huayo Hymenaea curbaril L.

15. Bellaco caspi Himatanthus suucuba (Spruce ex Muell. Arg.) Woodson

16. Bellaquillo Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) Schumann

17. Bolsa mullaca Physalis angulata L.

18. Caballusa Triumfetta semitriloba Lamarck

19. Cacao Theobroma cacao L.

20. Camote Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. .

21. Caña agria Costus erythrocoryne Schumann.

22. Caña brava Gynerium sagittatum (Aubl) Beauv. 273

23. Capinurí Maquira coriacea (Karsten) C.C. Berg

24. Casho Anacardium occidentale L.

25. Catahua Hura crepitans L.

26. Castañilla Terminalia catappa L.

27. Chambira Astrocaryum chambira Burret

28. Chanca piedra Phyllantus urinaria L

29. Chiric-sanango Brunfelsia grandiflora D.Don.ssp. shulttessi Plow.

30. Chuchuhuasi Maytenus macrocarpa (R.& P.) Briq.

31. Clavo huasca Tynnanthus panurensis (Bureau) Sandwith

32. Coco Cocos nucifera L.

33. Cocona Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal

34. Coconilla Solanum americanum Mill.

35. Copaiba Copaifera paupera (Herzog) Dwyer

36. Cordoncillo Piper aduncum L.

37. Cotochupa Polypodium decumanum Willd.

38. Cumaceba Swartzia polyphylla DC

39. Granadilla Passiflora nitida HBK

40. Guanábana Annona muricata L.

41. Guayaba Psidium guajava L.

42. Guisador Curcuma longa L.

43. Higerilla Ricinus comunis L.

44. Huacapú Minquartia guianensis Aublet

45. Huacapurana Campsiandra angustifolia Spruce ex Bentham

46. Huayruro Ormosia coccinea Jacq. 274

47. Huingo Crecentia cujete L.

48. Huito Genipa americana L

49. Icoja Unonopsis floribunda Diels.

50. Ipururo Alchornea castaneifolia (Willdenow)

51. Jergón sacha Dracontium loretense Krause

52. Gengibre Zingiber offlicinale Rose.

53. Lengua de perro Zamia ulei (Martius) Sandwith

54. Limón Citrus limon (L.) Burm

55. Llantén Plantago major L

56. Malva Malachra alceifolia

57. Maracuyá Passiflora edulis

58. Mataro Senna aff. bacillaris

59. Menta Menta piperita

60. Mishumurillo Abelmoschus moschatus

61. Mururé Brosimun acutifolium

62. Ñamé Dioscorea alata

63. Ñucño-pichana Scoparia dulcis

64. Ojé Ficus insipida

65. Paico Chenopodium ambrosoides

66. Pájaro bobo Tessaria integrifolia

67. Palo de rosa Aniba roseadora

68. Palta Persea americana

69. Pampa orégano Lippia alba

70. Pan del árbol Artocarpus altilis

71. Papailla Momordica charantia

72. Papaya Carica papaya 275

73. Patiquina Dieffenbachia obliqua

74. Piña. Ananas comosus

75. Piñón blanco el Jatropa curcas

76. Plátano Musa paradisiaca

77. Puspo poroto Cajanus cajan

78. Remocaspi Aspidosperma excelsum

79. Renaquilla Clusia rosea

80. Retama Cassia alata

81. Ruda Ruta graveolens

82. Sachaculantro Eryngium foetidum

83. Sachamangua Grias peruviana

84. Sanango Tabernaemontana sananho

85. Sangre de grado Croton lechleri

86. Santa María Piper peltata 

87. Sauco Sambucus mexicana

88. Shimipampana Maranta arundinacea

89. Suelda con suelda Pithyrusa adunca

90. Tabaco Nicotiana tabacum

91. Tahuari Tabebuia serratifolia

92. Toé Brugmansia aurea

93. Tomate Lycopersicon esculentum

94. Tuna Opuntia ficus-indica

95. Ubos Spondias mombin

96. Uña de gato Uncaria guianensis

97. Ushaquiro Aparisthmium cordatum

98. Verbena negra (Verbena officinalis)

99. Verdolaga (Portulacca oleraceae)

100. Yahuar piri-piri (Eleuterine bulbosa)

101. Yerba buena (Menta spicata)

102. Yerba luisa (Cymbopogon citratus)

103. Yerba santa (Centrum hediondinum)

104. Yuca (Manihot esculenta)

105. Zapallo (Cucurbita moschata)

The information stated on this page and many others on the benefits of alternative natural ancestral medicines have not been and will never be evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration, simply because they will never be favored. Therefore, this method of assisted personal self-healing will also not be officially considered to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

 

The content and offerings on this website are provided for informational purposes only and for an open-minded recipient, but not as a medical advice from a official recognized doctor who only prescribe conventional medicine. It is always recommended to consult your regular doctor before beginning any alternative natural medicine program.

CALLE CALVO DE ARAUJO 675, IQUITOS - LORETO, PERU - SOUTH AMERICA
whatsapp-social-media-icon-design-templa

Copyright © 2020 AMAZON EXPEDITIONERS | All Rights Reserved

 

TERMS AND CONDITIONS