Amazon tribes EXPEDITIONS
SPORADIC CONTACTED TERRITORIES
THESE EXPEDITIONS ARE AVAILABLE ALL YEAR ROUND
The Peruvian Amazon has an area of 736,445 km2 (62% of the national territory), which represents approximately 15% of the Basin. The recognized Amazonian ethnicities that inhabit Peru are 65 and are distributed in 1,458 communities. In the face of adverse economic, political and socio-cultural conditions, these people have used multiple strategies of adaptation and changes to survive. They are located in departments that have a jungle, such as Amazonas, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Huánuco, Cuzco, Junín, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Pasco, San Martin, and Ucayali. All these ethnic groups conform 13 languages families: jíbaro, Witoto, arawak, cahuapano, cloth, tacano, tupí, toucan, peba yagua, zaparo, urarina, harakmbet and ticuna. Its native population until recently was not part of national consciousness.
List of Ethnic Groups in the Amazon Rainforest of Peru:
Achuar, Aguano, Aguaruna, Amahuaca, Asháninka, Bora, Candoshi, Cashibo, Cholone, Cocama, Cocamilla, Ese Ejja, Harakmbut, Huambisa, Jibito, Jivaro, Shuar, Kaxinawá, Kulina, Korubo, Machiguenga, Machinere, Maina, Mashco-Piro, Matsés (Mayoruna), Muinane, Quijos-Quichua, Southern Pastaza Quechua, Lamas Quechua, Secoya, Shapra, Shipibo, Conibo, Ticuna, Tukano, Urarina, Witoto (Huitoto), Yagua, Yaminawá,Yanesha, Yine, Yukunas, Zaparo.
Ethnic groups living in the Amazon are classified into four different categories based to the frequency of contact with civilization:
Isolated: These are groups that live in areas untouched by civilization, with nomadic habits. They clearly retain their ethnic and cultural identity, and they possess no desires to be contacted by outsiders.
Sporadic Contacted: They belong to those groups whose territory is difficult to access. They establish sporadic contact with civilization and essentially retain their ethnic identity.
Permanent Contacted: In this category, we find the groups that have already lost their socio-cultural autonomy, and are clearly in a process of ethnic disintegration.
Integrated: This category includes groups that have lost their cultural and ethnic identity and co-exist together, although marginalized, within civilization.